I gave a presentation to a group of sixth graders and asked an innocent question, “Who here earns money?” As I expected there were those who mowed lawns, babysat, shoveled snow, folded laundry, etc. to earn cash. These kids weren’t “working papers” ready, and they took great pride in earning their own money – and not too surprisingly, they seemed to be more discriminating on how they spent it, and had a solid understanding of what was an item or service that they needed versus something they wanted.
A pretty little girl sat with her arms crossed and called out that her parents didn’t want her to work; they wanted her to focus on her studies. I smiled. Isn’t earning money, working hard and being responsible a lesson unto itself? Isn’t that more valuable than memorizing and regurgitating some meaningless facts for the short-term gratification of a good grade, only to have this cycle start all over again? She wasn’t done talking, not by a long shot – and it was very revealing, indeed.
“Is food a need or a want?” I asked – a ridiculously easy question.
“A need!” they shouted.
“Now is Starbucks a need or a want?”
“My Mom can’t live without coffee!” someone called out.
“Me either,” I admitted, “But is paying $20 a week for it a luxury, a want?”
That’s when my little friend piped up again, “Starbucks is absolutely a need! I have to have Starbucks!”
“How convenient,” I thought, “You get to have your expensive coffee and someone else pays.”
It’s tempting to make life so good for your kids that you actually thwart their progress. There is great wisdom in the old proverb, “Give a man a fish, you feed him for a day; teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime.” So when is “helping” really not so helpful? When is helping actually hurting?
Keeping your kids isolated from the realities of life doesn’t stop the responsibilities from coming; it only retards their ability to respond appropriately to the challenges. Again my little friend had a nugget to offer up, “My parents don’t want me to get a job until after I graduate college.” Perhaps I went a tad over the line here, but my reply was simple, “Do you think it would be helpful or harmful if your Mom said to you: ‘Honey, don’t bother learning to read. I will go to college with you and read out loud to you every night from your textbooks. Don’t worry your pretty little head about it.’ Finally, she was silent. The other kids thought that idea was dumb or worse, embarrassing to have mom reading to them in college.
When you deprive a child of rising to the occasion so you can look like a hero, it is harmful. The message can easily be construed as the world is your servant; or worse, you are incapable of handling this yourself. All the children who earned money had one thing in common: confidence. They were excited to share that they could be trusted to be responsible and to do a good job. The end result, of course, is that they treated that money differently than if it was a handout. If we are to hope that they will be motivated, productive and responsible with their money – shouldn’t we start these good habits as soon as they are able to assert themselves and earn some money? Now that would be more helpful than making sure that they memorized their way through school, don’t you think?
You’ve heard it before: Don’t let emotions get in the way of business. Well the adage holds true for investing, as well – probably even more so. It seems easy enough to do, but when you see the value of your savings falling like a botched Martha Stewart soufflé, your first instinct may be to sell, sell sell! But acting out of emotion can often be the worst thing you could do when it comes to investing. Here are some tips to prevent sabotaging your financial well-being.
Make sure you have a specific financial goal (or goals) with a specific time frame in mind. Sounds pretty basic, right? It may be, but the trick is to really give this some serious thought. Very rarely are you saving for just one thing at a time. Most of us are saving for retirement, future college costs, and near-term goals like buying a new car or house, a home remodeling project, or planning a big vacation. The way you invest for a short-term goal is very different from the strategies you would use to meet a goal that may be 30 years away, like retirement. Long-term goals require growth provided from stocks (equities), because you will need the money to outpace inflation. If you put your retirement savings into CDs, after thirty years, your investment would be worth less than what you put in because inflation would have reduced its purchasing power. Short-term goals require stability, because you plan on using the money soon. If the stock market has a set-back, you can loose a substantial amount of your investment in an eye-blink. Therefore, CDs, money market, or even short-term bonds would be a good choice for a shorter investment time frame. When I hear people say they want to make as much money as fast as they can – they need to know the reality is that the inverse holds true for that investment, as well. If an investment can move up in value rapidly, it is volatile and it could just as easily (and swiftly) move in the opposite direction.
Diversify your investments. Yes, stocks are for growth and bonds, money markets and CDs are for income, but having a mix of investments can really protect your investments from times when the stock market may be volatile, or times when rates on CDs or money markets are anemic. Alternative investments, as a group might be risky, but when added to a portfolio (and combined in very specific percentages) can actually reduce a portfolio’s overall volatility.
Start as early as you can, and invest regularly. The earlier you begin investing for your long-term goals, the better, because time is on your side. As your investment grows, you can take advantage of compounding, which is when you take whatever income or gains from an investment and buy more shares. Investing regularly is another good strategy, because it helps remove emotions from investing. By treating investing like a bill to pay every month, you stop thinking about how else you could spend the money. Over the years, the money adds up and one day you look at your balance, and you can’t believe how painless it was to actually save. Most mutual fund companies will even link payment to your bank so every month your bank account will automatically be debited and you won’t ever need to remember to write out and mail a check. There is also another big advantage to making regular fixed investments every month: it is called dollar-cost averaging. Because there may be some months when the price of a fund is lower than other times, you will buy more shares, and during the months when the price is higher you will buy fewer shares. The price, in effect, gets averaged out over time. It helps protect you from sinking all of your money into an investment on a day that may happen to be a high. Yes, this also means that you will not be buying on the absolute lowest day, either. But, since the market is impossible to time, this is the most logical (unemotional) way to invest, not to mention it puts an element of discipline into your commitment to invest.
The markets can be fickle, but don’t you be. A well constructed plan needs to be followed out. If you shift your plan as the market moves, you will forever chase performance and be a reactive investor. Holding firm to your plan isn’t always easy, but deviating from it can prove fatal.
Remember, like most things, the planning is the hardest part. Once you’ve determined what your goals are, and how much time you have to reach these goals then you can begin selecting the right investments. Then, you can let your money work for you.
As of April 2014, the average tax refund for is $2,831, according to the IRS. While it might be tempting to use this windfall for something fun, like a vacation to someplace warm and exotic, there are better ways to spend your refund that can help improve your finances for years to come. Yes, you can call me a kill-joy, but delaying gratification can have its rewards in bigger and better ways, like being able to buy your dream home sooner than expected, or being able to take that once in a lifetime vacation that you never thought you would be able to afford, or retiring early. Laying a solid foundation first will enable you to then focus on the perks in life. So, before you call your travel agent and book a trip to Cancun consider these three less exciting, but more rewarding ways to spend your tax refund (if you’re not getting a tax refund, look to address these items as you get some spare cash):
Get Rid of Credit Card Debt. Even if your bill is bigger than your refund, it pays to get rid of as much debt as quickly as possible. If your card charges 18% interest and you pay off all or some of that debt, it is the same as if you earned 18% on your money. Remember to see which cards carry the highest rates. Pay those off first and stop using all cards. If you absolutely must charge, make sure you use a card carrying the lowest rates.
Add to Your Emergency Fund. It is recommended that you have six months’ worth of income stashed away in a liquid account (bank account, money market, etc.) in case of illness, or unemployment. In the event of an emergency, how long could you go on paying your bills? If your account seems thin, beef it up.
Fund Your Investment Accounts. As part of your monthly budget, it is recommended that 10% of your take home pay goes towards savings. In addition to adding to your emergency fund and other general savings, this 10% can be satisfied in a number of ways:
Fund retirement through an employer-sponsored plan. This has enormous benefits, because the investment often times can be made with pre-tax dollars (lowering your income taxes) and the investment can grow without the effect of taxes, provided you withdraw the money in retirement. Also, many employers help you save toward retirement by matching a percentage of your contributions. That is called free money – and it’s hard to find.
Fund an IRA or a Roth IRA (contributions can be made for non-working spouses). Again, tax-deferred growth is a key benefit here. Check with your tax advisor if you qualify for a Roth IRA, as it has unique benefits such as tax-free withdrawals, and the ability to withdraw for reasons other than retirement, such a first-time home purchase, or to meet college costs. Contribution limits are $5,500 ($6,500 if you are at least 50 years old). Contributions for 2014 can be made until April 15, 2015 (for both IRAs and Roth IRAs).
Add to your child’s college savings. Whether you open a specific college savings account, such as a Coverdell account or a 529 Plan, or opt for a more general account, such a mutual fund or savings bond, you can take an important step in securing your child’s future.
If it makes it easier to get started, think of it this way: you wouldn’t give your kids dessert before they had dinner. This list is dinner, and there’s no telling what kinds of dessert await you if you take care of this very necessary business first.
My husband was up to something. He was pounding away at the computer and printing like a madman. When I didn’t hear the whir of the printer, there was the distinct sound of the three-hole punch chewing its way through paper.
“I’m working on something,” is all he would say. It seemed to excite him, this project. I wondered what it was.
When “it” appeared, it wasn’t impressive looking. It was a plain white three-ring binder.
“Open it,” is all he said, smiling.
I wondered if it was something romantic. He was beaming like a cat that just dragged home a bird carcass as an affectionate offering.
“What is it?” I asked.
“The Death Book,” for some strange reason, he was still smiling. “In case something should happen to me, this book will tell you where everything is, who you need to contact…” he continued on, but I wasn’t listening any longer.
I recoiled from this stark white book like it was a jinx.
“Look at it, this is important,” he said. He wasn’t smiling any longer. He looked irritated that I didn’t share his enthusiasm for The Death Book.
“It’s morbid,” I said, “I don’t like thinking about this stuff.”
“Well if something were to happen to me and you were stuck digging around trying to find out all this information, then you’d really be depressed,” he flipped open the book.
In it was all the information I could possibly need: Copies of our wills, all the account numbers, passwords, and phone numbers for the kids’ college funds, our joint accounts and retirement accounts, information about his pension, the details of our life insurance policies, and social security information. He had totaled up what kind of payout I could expect. His excitement morphed into relief as he shut the book.
“Well, that’s that,” he said. “Everything is taken care of.”
I had the sense that he would sleep better that night knowing that this was off his shoulders. As for me, I told myself that The Death Book was the best insurance policy I could have that my husband would live a long, long life.
Want to Build Your Own Book? There are books out there that you can buy, or you can simply get a three ring binder or folder and put the following in it:
Copies of your wills, healthcare proxies, durable power of attorney
Social Security cards and statements
Titles/Deeds to house and cars and any other real estate
Current statements for all Bank Accounts, including account numbers and passwords
Current statements for all retirement accounts, including account numbers and passwords
Current statements for all taxable individual and joint investment accounts, including account numbers and passwords
Current statements for all college savings accounts, including account numbers and passwords
All savings bonds (or list of them with maturity dates)
Insurance policies (account number, passwords, terms of payout)
Employer sponsored retirement accounts, including account numbers and passwords
Pension funds (account number, passwords, terms of payout)
Any lists of instructions you have for family members
Any list of personal effects that you would like handed down to specific family members and/or friends
Some people personalize their books with family stories that they want handed down, or with personal messages (letters) to loved ones
You would never jump into a game and wager thousands of dollars without first knowing the rules. And yet, every year many parents do just that as they embark on the process of seeking financial aid for college costs. The truth is if more parents understood how the information on the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) is analyzed, they would take steps to place themselves in the most favorable light. Strategic positioning can really pay off if you know how the game is played. Here’s what you need to know:
How your data will be assessed: The formula FAFSA uses to determine the Expected Family Contribution (EFC) considers the parent’s income, savings and investment assets (excluding retirement accounts and the primary residence), as well as the student’s assets and income. On average, parents are expected to contribute about 5.6% of their assets and between 22% and 47% of their income (with a $20,000-$60,000 allowance based on their age) towards college costs. Students are expected to contribute roughly 20% of their assets and 50% of their income (with a $3,000 allowance) towards the tuition bill. Switching assets into a child’s name would not be a helpful strategy. If your child is employed, consider opening a Roth IRA, as retirement assets are not considered assets.
What time fame you are working with: The FAFSA form is submitted during the student’s senior year in high school, based on data from the previous tax year (i.e., January 1 of the student’s junior year through December 31 of senior year), also called the Base Year. Strategies that can be employed to reduce income or assets before the assessment period could prove very beneficial (e.g., sell non-retirement assets before the Base Year and use this money to fund IRA or Roth IRA accounts; speak with your employer about receiving your bonus prior to the Base Year, or delay the bonus until the following year). In addition, avoid liquidating any investment assets during the Base Year, as that inflow of cash would be considered as income.
What counts against you: Non-retirement assets are considered available funds, even though you may be carrying high credit card debt. Prior to January 1 of your child’s junior year, consider taking some of your non-retirement savings or investments and using them toward reducing or eliminating this debt.
What works in your favor: Roth IRAs, IRAs, employer-sponsored retirement accounts, Coverdell accounts, 529 plans, annuities, or the cash value of life insurance policies are not considered as assets for the purposes of FAFSA. Prior to the Base Year, consider moving non-retirement assets (which FAFSA does count as assets) into one or more of these types of accounts.
Remember, if your child is looking at more elite, private schools, the CSS form will need to be completed as well. This formula assesses parents and students differently, and requires more of a contribution from both the parents and student.
After you submit the FAFSA form, the matter is out of your hands. But, what you do beforehand, when the matter is in your hands, can be critical to the outcome. Being aware of what you are up against may change your approach to the game and, hopefully, with a little planning, may help reduce the tuition bills.
Years ago, when I commuted by train to New York City, I remember feeling powerless and frustrated by delays. I would feel my blood boil if there was the threat that I would be late. Once I accepted the fact that I was not in control of whether the train would arrive on time, and took responsibility for what I could change — my commute became downright productive. I left myself more time to get to the station; I took an earlier train so that even if it ran late, I would still be on time; and finally, I always kept work or reading material at the ready to utilize the time spent commuting in a productive way. Investing is a lot like the train ride. It may be unpredictable and you may get anxious, so what can you do to make the most of this experience, instead of allowing yourself to be swept up in frustration? Plenty; but to be effective you can’t get emotional and you can’t panic. Take this time to assess what you have been doing, and whether or not your strategy needs adjusting. Here’s a step-by-step plan to empower you in these unsettling times:
1. What do you own? It is surprising how many people have tens or hundreds of thousand dollars invested, and yet they are not sure what they own, or what their portfolio is designed to do. Looking at your asset allocation (how your investments are spread out in the investment arena) is quite important. In fact, Ibbotson Associates, a leading authority on asset allocation, found that 92% of investment returns are determined by the types of assets owned. Market timing (buying high and selling low) accounted for just 6% of returns, and individual security selection accounted for a mere 2% of returns. Meet with your financial professional and discuss how your portfolio is invested not just between the broad categories, like stocks, bonds, and cash, but more specifically in what types of securities. For example, stocks (ownership in a company) can be grouped by capitalization (size), as in large, medium, and small. Stocks can also be classified by style: growth stocks are those that are expected to grow quickly; value stocks are thought to sell for less than they are worth (a “marked down” item, so to speak). Stocks can also be domestic (US), foreign, global, or from emerging parts of the world economy. Bonds (a loan) also fall into many categories, and can be issued by the US Government (or other governments), corporations or state and local municipalities. Alternative type investments, such as real estate, oil, or gold also can play a limited role in a portfolio and act as a hedge. Make sure the mutual funds owned in all portfolios contain different types of securities, or you run the risk of weighting your portfolio too heavily in one area; a market correction in that area would affect your investment results twice as hard. If you are not working with a professional, now may be a good time to consider working with a fee-only advisor, because this analysis takes time and needs to be done thoroughly to consider and minimize investment risks. Also, your situation may have changed since you constructed your portfolio. Make sure your asset allocation strategy considers:
Your time frame/goals;
All investments in all accounts;
Investment overlap in individual stocks owned and in mutual funds;
Different asset classes (stocks, bonds, etc.), different market capitalizations (large, mid and small companies), different investment styles (growth, value) and different markets (US, foreign, emerging);
Where the investments are owned (in a taxable brokerage account, or in a tax-deferred retirement account) because investing without being aware of potential taxes can result in “giving back” your returns in the way of taxes; and
If the risks assumed are worth the potential reward.
2. What is it costing you? Having investments and not paying attention to the costs is a sure-fire way to handicap your potential returns. If two portfolios own the same investments (such as the S&P 500 Index), but one’s fees cost 0.20% and you own the other, which costs 2.35%, immediately you have reduced your returns substantially. In a volatile or down market, paying higher fees can make generating a reasonable return quite unlikely. Most important, though, is what you forfeit over the long-term when you pay high fees. As investments compound over time, the cost of high fees becomes more damaging. Let’s assume these two investments each returned 10%. After the deduction of fees, the returns are dramatically different: the high-cost investment returned 7.65% versus 9.80% for the low-cost fund. After many years, these fees would really impact your bottom line. If you invested $10,000 in each of these investments, after 30 years, the high-cost investment would be worth $91,289; and the low-cost mutual fund would be worth $165,222 – nearly $74,000 more than the high-cost investment. Of course, this example is hypothetical and does not reflect past or future results for any investment. Click here to read more a more in-depth discussion about fees.
3. What is your plan? Again, the power lies with you. Maybe you have left your investments unattended and the stock portion of your portfolio is larger than it should be. Maybe you have not left enough of a cash reserve to cushion the blows from difficult markets. Perhaps you would benefit from a gradual reallocation of your assets towards a more palatable allocation that won’t keep you up at night. Maybe you have kept too much in cash and are not earning anything and could benefit from buying low as opportunities arise in this volatile market. Again, sit with your professional and really go over your objectives, time frame and tolerance for risk (keeping in mind, of course, that an all cash portfolio guarantees you a negative return in this low interest-rate environment). It has been our finding in working with clients, that accepting 60% of the market’s gains is well worth the protection of declining 60% less than the market in times of trouble. We lean toward a more balanced portfolio allocation for our clients for this reason.
Remember, until you sell something, you haven’t lost anything. But looking for ways to buy low and adjusting your portfolio to assume less risk and to pay less in fees will certainly benefit your long-term results in a meaningful way. The control is yours to seize. You can choose whether to allow yourself to feel stranded, waiting for the train to pull in, or you can use this time to make sure you are ready to climb aboard when the opportunity presents itself.
If fighting about money has become a ritual in your household, you are not alone. Money is a leading cause of tension between couples. Before it goes too far, realize that you both have control of the situation. These steps can help you work together to fix your differences:
1. Know both of your money personalities and create a plan/budget that works. There are three basic money personalities: hoaders, splurgers, and avoiders. Understanding why you treat money the way you do, and gaining insight into how your spouse/significant other feels about money, will make it easier to manage your situation.
Hoarders love to save and bargain hunt. Because they fear that they’ll never have enough, spending money makes them uncomfortable. Luckily, they are happy creating a budget, because they enjoy keeping track of their finances. By putting “splurge money” into the budget they can learn to enjoy their money without worrying that they are spending too much.
Splurgersare happiest when treating themselves (or others). Spending makes them feel loved and successful. The danger is that they will spend far more than they bring home. Because they like to be rewarded, they too can benefit from putting a line item in the budget for reasonable splurges.
Avoiders lack the confidence to deal with money. They ignore their financial responsibilities, such as balancing the checkbook or researching their investments. Their greatest risk is missing opportunities to make their money go farther. And, if they are married to a splurger, they won’t realize that debt is mounting up until it is too late. The best strategy for Avoiders is to take a class or read up on basic finances. Creating a budget is the best way to get familiar with the situation they were trying so hard to ignore. Because Avoiders tend to procrastinate, setting up automatic bill payment and automatic investments (where money is wired from a bank account to the vendor or investment account) is a helpful strategy.
2. Discuss the division of labor. Make use of your natural talents and assign responsibilities accordingly. Maybe one of you is efficient at bill paying, but the other is better at balancing the checkbook. You do not need to do all the jobs together, as long as you both remain informed. The same goes for recordkeeping and investing.
3. Agree on the ground rules. Obviously, no lying and no concealing are mandatory rules. Another good one: large ticket items need to be discussed before purchasing. Just make sure you agree on what dollar amount constitutes a large purchase.
4. Make sure long-term goals are in synch. For example, if you have been a stay-at-home Mom, your husband may be counting on you returning to work. However, secretly you may be dreaming of setting up your own business. Make sure you thoroughly discuss where you both see your lives in the near future. Now is the time to work any long range goals into the budget (such as laying the groundwork for a business, career change or early retirement). Be very specific about what you want saved and by when. That is the only way you can see if you are making progress.
5. Communicate regularly. Even if one of you primarily controls the budget and bill paying, you both need to review what is going on. Make a monthly date to discuss your money.
Keep in mind, as you put together your budget, there needs to be a regular amount allocated to saving and investing. Work first on creating an Emergency Fund, and then fund retirement. Aim to save at least 10% of your income, then you can get started on college savings. Together, you can fix your differences and work towards shaping your future instead of your future shaping you.
Growing up in a large family, my basic financial needs were always taken care of but as for the extras — it was like a bakery: “Take a number and get in line.” It annoyed me and, at times, it embarrassed me when a friend had the latest and greatest gizmo and I did not. But, it also motivated me to find a way.
I remember getting my older brother to let me clean his room for money, I took local babysitting jobs, and the moment I was old enough to put in for my working papers, I did. Now my first job paid peanuts, because it was a “seasonal” job and didn’t have to pay minimum wage. So for $2.75 an hour, I worked at the local pool; but I was happy as a clam, because I was earning my own dough.
When I left for college, my parents paid the lion’s share and I took out the standard $2,500 government loan and paid all my expenses: books, entertainment, clothes, etc. A funny thing happened. Because I had earned money in the past, I wanted to earn again, and I did not want to have to ask anyone (even my parents) for money. So, I started tutoring for $10 an hour (nice pay raise)! And just as I was getting comfortable and into the groove the boom was lowered: my Dad was retiring and we were moving to Florida. He wanted me to transfer to a state school there. Immediately I knew I had to do something to stop this. I didn’t want to leave, but what could I do? That’s when I learned about becoming a Resident Advisor or “Den Mother.” This job would single-handedly pay my Room and Board and pay me a stipend, and provide me with a phone. Thankfully, I got the job — now I had to sell it to my folks. My father’s reaction was not at all what I was expecting. I thought he might be angry at the lengths I had gone to, to foil his plan. Instead he said that I had thought it through well, had planned it well, and clearly it meant a lot to me to stay where I was. I will never forget the look on his face: it was one of satisfaction. He had done his job well.
Tips for Raising Do-It Yourself Kids
1. Let them have skin in the game. If they want something big, let that be a motivator for them to earn and save their money. You can help them out, but let them “own” a piece of it. It builds confidence, pride, and encourages a work ethic.
2. Don’t let them think that you will always step in. If you practice the law of natural consequences, they will learn very quickly that their actions (or inactions) produce results (good and bad). If they know that they will have to live with these consequences they will tend to be less impulsive and make better choices.
3. Guide them out of the box. Give them creative ideas on how they can achieve their goal, whether it be how to earn extra cash, or how to find something at a better price. Show them how they can “make” their own solution.
4. Clap hands. When they rise up to the task, let them know how proud you are and how proud they should be.
5. Let their youth be an asset. Enthusiasm and energy are great attributes of youngsters. Harness it and direct it toward a goal and watch them accomplish wonderful things. Don’t discourage them with words like, “You’re not old enough.”
6. Build confidence. Let them know that if they want something badly enough they have the power to make it happen for themselves.
“What’s your goal?” My husband’s question was simple, but I didn’t know if I should bother to share my complete answer, because it seemed unreasonable.
We hadn’t started our family yet, which was a goal of ours. But I wondered if winning Lotto was the only ticket to my other dream: to be able to stay home with our kids for as long (or short a time) as I wanted. Back then, my earnings were almost five times his salary and I doubted we could sustain ourselves on his take home pay alone, especially with the added costs of a baby. Sharing this thought with him might have made him feel badly; instead it motivated him.
”That’s it? That’s the goal?” Tony said, as if he had known it all along. “OK, give me some time, I’ll figure it out.”
I had it drummed into my head from friends and colleagues around me, who were enslaved to the double-income household: “There’s no way you can live on one salary – especially a teacher’s salary.”
Quietly I worried that I had given him a goal that was not within reach. I thought, maybe I could stay home for a year at most. I even started to accept that option, if it came to that. Thankfully, it never did. The more naysayers there were, the more determined he was to make a viable plan.
Stock piling became the first part of the strategy; generating investment income was the other component. We lived as if his salary was the only income we had, and aggressively saved and invested my salary and bonus. That is not to say that we didn’t enjoy ourselves. We made time for some travel; we ate out at restaurants within reason – but the savings/investing came first; what was left over was ours to play with. We put off starting a family until we felt we were on solid ground.
An interesting thing happened along the way. We had the opportunity to buy a small cabin in New England for a great price; it was very tempting and we came close to doing it. It was affordable based on our total income; but ultimately it would have taken us off our goal. When another opportunity presented itself — to move farther from New York City (where I worked) to an area we loved and where we wanted to raise our family– we struggled with the idea. I didn’t want all our savings/investing to dry up because this house was more expensive than the one we were living in. After careful consideration of all the numbers, Tony figured we could swing it, provided I was still willing to commute an extra 2 hours each day until we started our family. With trepidation, I agreed.
Then we faced a series of unexpected events. For starters I became pregnant and soon we found out we were expecting twins. Almost immediately, I ended up on bed rest. Short-term disability gave way to long-term disability, which was less than my salary (although I wasn’t spending any money commuting). When our sons arrived a full two months early, we were stunned. After more than two weeks in the neonatal intensive care unit, they were released to come home – but with all sorts of equipment (like an apnea monitor to detect the cessation of heart beats or breathing and caffeine to keep the heart beat rate up). To add to all this tension, I had used up all my leave and was due back almost as soon as the boys came home from the hospital. I still can’t say how I would have been able to leave my babies under those circumstances – or who we would have asked to take on such a grave responsibility. I am just so thankful that Tony thought to ask the question about my goals – and that I dared to utter it out loud. Otherwise, our backs would have been against the wall.
Many times, there isn’t one right way to reaching a financial goal. Sacrifices, compromises, and non-negotiable items differ by household. The point is the goal kept us focused and shaped all the decisions we made – we passed up opportunities to spend our money in favor of getting us closer to what was our top goal. Most important, had we not planned this out, I would have been headed back to my four-hour roundtrip commute; our preemie babies occupying my every thought. Some call it luck – but I know Tony’s careful planning and our commitment to reaching our (seemingly unreachable) goal had a lot to do with the blessings that came our way.
Like any good plan, ours wasn’t stagnant. We realized that our journey had valuable lessons that could help so many others, and our businesses ATI Investment Consulting, Inc. and Real$martica, Inc. were born as a result. These businesses have become one more way that we, as a family, have been able to reach financial goals while having the freedom to remain true to ourselves.
The financial wisdom I would like to impart is: Don’t be afraid to look at your dreams – even if they seem impossible to reach. Instead of thinking about why you can’t get where you want to go, ask how you might get there. Pay attention to the gifts and talents you hone along your journey, and you may even find a second career. Do this, and down the road, you may find yourself being referred to as the “lucky one”.
September may be the ninth month, but for anyone with children, it feels like the start of school marks the beginning of the year. Why wait until January to make resolutions that you know will benefit you and your family right now? An added bonus is that you can get the kids on track by setting a good example. While each family has its own challenges, there is a common theme that most families struggle with: planning and organization. These two issues permeate every aspect of our lives and also greatly impact personal finances and household budgets. By taking steps in the right direction, you can start to feel more in control which begets calmness. Isn’t that a wonderful way to start the school year? Below are some of the most common School Year’s Resolutions and tips on how you can take steps in achieving these goals.
Getting dinner on the table while juggling extra-curricular activities and homework can often lead to poor choices (as in unhealthy and expensive take-out). TIP: The simple act of meal planning before you shop for groceries can greatly decrease what you will buy and what you will spend. Using the local flyer as your guide for sale items, make up a week’s worth of healthy dinners and lunches. Shopping with Pea Pod and other delivery chains may also save time and money, as old shopping lists are saved and a running tally of the grocery bill is ever-present. There will be time to gather your coupons, further reducing the bill. Whether you order on-line or physically go to the store, the one simple step of meal planning with the flyer will ensure you buy the best-priced items and will have ample food for all your meals. Furthermore, when you have a menu pre-set, you are less likely to pick up a pizza.
Organize Closets, the Garage and Pantries.
Wherever stuff lurks there is the potential to save a lot of money. How many times have you had to run to the store to buy something you know you have but couldn’t find (such as scotch tape, a hammer, a flashlight, etc.)? TIP: Group like items as you would in a store. You don’t need to spend a fortune on organizing supplies. Old shoe boxes, clear storage bags, over the door hooks and bags can all help consolidate items based on their use. Gift wrapping supplies, from scissors, tape, paper, bows, and generic cards can all be placed in one shopping bag; common household tools like measuring tape, flashlights, screw drivers and hammers can be placed in a box. Designate a space in the coat closet for umbrellas, hats, scarfs, and gloves so you are not left scrambling the first morning there is inclement weather. Don’t forget to extend this exercise to the food pantry, as well. Then you will know what you need (or don’t need) next time you food shop. When you are organized, less time and money will be spent by your household, guaranteed!
From school handouts, to artwork, to junk mail and personal files – paper piles up and things get lost. TIP: Set-up a binder book or expandable file for each child that will house the class contact list, book orders, assignments, handouts, invitations, and artwork that you want to keep (consider framing or hanging a bulletin board to post larger items). Toss junk mail as soon as it enters the house and get removed from mailing lists. Keep an eye on your financial files, as well. Here’s what to keep and what to shred:
Keep only the current year’s payroll stubs, which can be shredded after you get your W2 and verify that your annual compensation amount is correctly reflected.
Provided you do not need them to support income tax filings, bills and canceled checks that have already been reflected in your current bank statement can go after a year (exception: hold receipts indefinitely for warranty-items or large ticket purchases for insurance purposes).
Bank statements. Keep the monthly statements for the year. After you file tax returns, hold on to any checks that relate to your tax preparations (housing/mortgage related expenses, payment of taxes, or business expenses) and your year-end statement. Get rid of the rest.
Investment statements. For retirement accounts, keep records of all non-deductible IRA contributions to prove that you already paid taxes on these monies. Keep quarterly statements of all investment accounts and make sure the year-end statement matches up before disposing of the quarterly statements. Keep records of purchases and sales of securities for capital gain tax purposes.
Taxes: Keep seven years’ worth of income tax records and supporting documents (receipts, checks, W2s, 1099s, etc.).
Credit card receipts. Keep receipts to reconcile against your monthly bill. After verifying that the balance due is correct, shred all but those receipts you need for tax purposes.
Housing Papers. Keep all documentations relating to the purchase or sale of property for at least six years after you no longer own it. Keep receipts pertaining to all household improvements for tax purposes.
Get in Balance.
Many parents and children are so over scheduled that life has become a series of running from one place to the next (which often results in a “drive-thru” dinner). Take an inventory of the activities and events your household participates in and decide which ones truly fit your family’s need for balance and recreation. Eliminating some may be a sanity-saver and a budget booster.
Making some small adjustments, such as these, can result in a less harried home life. When you know what you are making for dinner, and you know where everything is, there are far fewer last minute errands to the store. When the schedule isn’t jam-packed, you can actually enjoy dinner together and show your kids that down time is to be savored. When the precious commodities, time and money, are preserved, you will feel more in charge of your life and less a part of the rat race. Perhaps you’ll be inspired to stay healthy as a family, and use this found time to go for an after-dinner walk or bike ride. Your kids will function better in a calmer environment, and you’ll be more present to guide them through life’s daily challenges without all the distractions.
As they quietly learn from you, maybe, just maybe they will even be encouraged to make some resolutions of their own.
Dina Isola, President of Real$martica, Inc. - COO and Director of Investor Relations, ATI Investment Consulting, Inc.
Following a successful career in marketing communications in the financial industry, Dina and her husband, Anthony, founded a registered investment advisory firm, ATI Investment Consulting, Inc., and ultimately the idea for the educational company Real$martica, Inc. was born. In dealing with investors and hearing their concerns, she spearheaded ATI’s investor education efforts, coordinating with local libraries and townships to offer free investor education seminars.
She has volunteered her time, writing financial articles and has conducted investor education classes geared to family financial matters. She is President of Real$martica, Inc. and is COO and Director of Investor Relations for ATI Investment Consulting, Inc. and personally handles all communications for both firms.
She is active in her local business community and serves on the Brookhaven Business Advisory Council and is a member of the Three Village Chamber of Commerce. She earned a BA in English and Communications from Fairfield University. She is a registered investment adviser, and is a licensedreal estate salesperson in New York State. Prior to founding Real$martica, Inc. she was a Vice President in charge of marketing communications for a privately-held investment management company in New York City. She has worked in the financial industry since 1987.
Anthony T. Isola, President, ATI Investment Consulting, Inc.
Anthony has married his passions, investing and education. He is President and founder of ATI Investment Consulting, Inc. (“ATI”) a registered investment advisory firm. His vast knowledge in matters of finance brings a well-rounded perspective to all that he does.
As an educator, he has a natural ability to explain complicated economic and financial concepts and make the practical application of these concepts come to life. In working with clients, he recognized how overwhelming building a financial plan can be, especially when most investors are vulnerable due to their ignorance on financial matters. He prides himself on empowering investors to understand how to look out for their interests and not fall prey to financial arrangements that will take them off goal. In addition to managing assets for clients, he has counseled investors on social security benefits, retirement income assessments, and college planning.
He teaches history at Plainview Old Bethpage Middle School and oversees students’ participation in The Stock Market Game and financial literacy for the Plainview Old-Bethpage Central School District. He has taught financial related courses to children, parents and staff members in the district, as well as to Long Island residents.
He holds a New York State Permanent Certification (in Social Studies). He earned a BA degree in Economics from Boston University and a MS degree in Secondary Education from Hofstra. Prior to teaching, he worked as a foreign currency trader in New York City for large international banks.